Number of Live Births by Maternal Risk Factors in Pregnancy
By Race and Ancestry of Mother,
Michigan Residents, 2020

Maternal Risk Factors Race Ancestry
All Races White Black American
Indian
Asian &
Pacific
Islander
All Other Races Hispanic Arab
Diabetes                
Prepregnancy 1,022 638 262 9 69 40 87 59
Gestational 7,239 5,216 1,055 91 602 247 594 469
Hypertension                
Prepregnancy 2,606 1,575 893 27 53 47 122 57
Gestational1 8,843 6,477 1,823 79 259 176 460 211
Previous Cesarean Delivery                
Yes 14,929 10,415 3,197 150 647 424 1,060 714
More than one 4,752 3,106 1,267 50 138 154 393 237
Previous preterm birth 4,006 2,594 1,129 29 117 115 259 163
Other previous poor outcome2 1,987 1,492 370 22 54 39 128 86
Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy 996 747 161 11 45 28 61 51
Pregnancy by infertility treatment 1,052 894 57 5 80 14 33 65
None of the above risks 70,245 50,584 13,720 548 2,971 2,011 4,903 2,988
Exposure to Tobacco 19,091 14,546 3,660 359 181 268 1,044 316
Mother smoked while pregnant3 15,097 11,713 2,771 307 95 152 737 91
Mother exposed to smokers at home 10,464 8,214 1,689 226 122 178 583 263
Mother ever smoked 15,812 12,317 2,846 308 117 162 787 103
Total Live Births 104,149 74,608 20,650 875 4,521 2,891 7,141 4,475

 

Notes: 1Gestational Hypertension includes pregnancy induced hypertension, preeclampsia and eclampsia.
2The category "Other previous poor outcome" includes perinatal deaths, small for gestation age births, or intrauterine growth-restricted births.
3Mothers who had a history of smoking, but never quit, plus those who quit at some point between estimated conception and birth date.

For information regarding alcohol consumption and other behaviorial risk factors, see Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring (PRAMS) at www.michigan.gov/prams.

Source:

2020 Michigan Resident Birth Files, Division for Vital Records & Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Health & Human Services.